About Terms Used – (Glossary)
Apocalyptic – concerning, or having to do with an apocalypse.
Apocalypse (a-paw’-kuh-lips) (from the Greek: Apokálypsis; disclosure:–appearing, coming, manifestation, revelation, a “lifting of the veil”; also from Apokálypto; to reveal or “to take off the cover”) is a term applied to the disclosure of something hidden. Today the term is often used to refer to the end of the world, which may be a shortening of the phrase apokalupsis eschaton which literally means “revelation at the end of the æon, or age”.
-Uses in scripture: Luk 2:32; Ro 2:5, 8:19, 16:25; 1Cor 1:7, 14:6, 14:26; 2Cor 12:1, 7; Gal 1:12, 2:2; Eph 1:17, 3:3; 2Th 1:7; 1Pe 1:7, 13, 4:13; Rev 1:1
Dispensationalism – Dispensationalism is a complete system of theology that was first popularized by John Nelson Darby, 19th century British evangelist and forerunner of modern Christian fundamentalism. It divides the entirety of history into seven dispensations, or epochs beginning with the age of innocence, or Adam. According to the doctrine, we are now in the sixth dispensation, the age of the Church (the Church being those saved from the day of Pentecost until the Rapture), and are preparing to enter the seventh time period, or the Millennial reign of Christ on earth. A vast majority of dispensationalists hold to a pretribulation rapture of the Church. Additionally, they assert that Israel and the church are different groups who receive a different set of promises. Dispensationalists hold that God provided the nation of Israel with specific promises that will be fulfilled at a future time in the Jews. Accordingly, the Church has received a different set of promises than that of Israel.
The KJV uses the english word “dispensation” 3 times: [“dispensation of the gospel” (1 Cor 9:17), “dispensation of the fulness of times” (Eph 1:10), and “dispensation of the grace of God” (Eph 3:2)]
Eschatology (es’-kuh-tawl’-uh-jee) noun – (from the Greek – Eschatos – meaning “last” and -logy meaning “the study of”)
1. The branch of theology that is concerned with the end of the world or of humankind.
2. A belief or a doctrine concerning the ultimate or final things, such as death, the destiny of humanity, the Second Coming, or the Last Judgment.
Similarly, The term
Eschaton means the end of everything, the final destiny of the world, as studied in the subject of eschatology. Or, the day at the end of time following Armageddon when God will decree the fates of all individual humans according to the good and evil of their earthly lives.
Uses in scripture: Mt 5:26, 12:45, 19:30, 20:8, 12, 14, 16, 27:64; Mr 9:35, 12:6; Jn 6:39, 40, 44, 54, 7:37, 11:24, 12:48; Ac 1:8, 2:17, 13:47; 1Co 4:9, 15:8, 15:26, 45, 52; 2Ti 3:1; Heb 1:2; Jas 5:3; 1Pe 1:5, 20; 2Pe 2:20, 3:3; 1Jo 2:18; Jude 1:18; Re 1:17, 2:8, 19, 15:1, 21:9, 22:13
Maskilim is a Hebrew word that literally means “enlightened ones” (Hebrew plural of Maskil). “Strong’s Concordance” shows:
7919 sakal saw-kal’ a primitive root; to be (causatively, make or act) circumspect and hence, intelligent:–consider, expert, instruct, prosper, (deal) prudent(-ly), (give) skill(-ful), have good success, teach, (have, make to) understand(-ing), wisdom, (be, behave self, consider, make) wise(- ly), guide wittingly.
Our use of the word stems from Daniel’s use of it in these passages (Dan 11:33; 12:3, 10). In these verses it is translated “They that understand,” “They that be wise,” etc. It is also referred to in a recommended book by S.P. Tregelles called “Remarks on the prophetic visions in the book of Daniel.”
Millennium – The thousand years of the kingdom of Christ on earth.
Millenial – Pertaining to the Millennium (the thousand year reign of Christ on earth)
A-millennial or Amillennial
Amillennialism – is a view in end-times theology named for its rejection of the belief that Jesus Christ will have a thousand-year, physical reign on the earth. This is in opposition to premillennial and some postmillennial interpretation of Scripture.
In contrast, the amillennial view asserts that the thousand years is a symbolic number, not a literal description; that the millennium has already begun and is identical with the current church age, (or in some cases that it ended with the destruction of Jerusalem in AD 70 — see Preterism). Amillennialism holds that while Christ’s reign during the millennium is spiritual in nature, at the end of the church age, Christ will return in final judgment and establish a permanent physical reign.
Pre-millenial – Before the Millenium
Dispensational Pre-millenialism –
Historic Pre-millenialism –
Preterism – “the belief that holds that the Tribulation prophecies occurred in the first century [A.D.], and thus are past” (Kenneth Gentry). The hallmark of Preterism is its denial of the futurity of ‘the great tribulation’ (specifically Mt 24:21 ).
Soteriology (sew-tier’-ee-awl’-uh-jee) (from the Greek – Soterion “salvation” or from Soter “savior, preserver” + logos “word”) is the study of the doctrine of salvation as effected by Jesus Christ. Soteriology discusses how Christ’s death secures the salvation of those who believe. It helps us to understand the doctrines of redemption, justification, sanctification, propitiation, and the substitutionary atonement.