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The Apostolic Approach to Evangelism

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The Key of the Mystery of Israel in the Reign of Grace

Posted: July 31st, 2007, by Reggie Kelly

Question:

My question of recent days has been what are the covenantal blessings we Gentiles receive in this life on earth?

“The covenantal curses are maintained as applying literally to Israel , while the promises of grace and redemption are spiritualized and taken over by the ‘church.'”

Did Jesus not redeem us from the curse of the law so that the blessings of Abraham might come upon us… is the great blessing the Spirit by faith?

“Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree: That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.”

Are we waiting upon all Israel to be saved that we might inherit with them and only with them the promises to Abraham?

Just beginning to understand, Anonymous

No, I do not believe that we are “waiting upon all Israel to be saved that we might inherit with them and only with them the promises to Abraham.” But we are to see in their coming salvation, a pattern for all salvation. In fact, the church is only the church by reason of the fact that the salvation promised Israel at the end of Jacob’s trouble has appeared to all men in advance of the great day of the Lord by the revelation of the mystery of the gospel.

This means that the church exists as first-fruits of Israel’s millennial salvation. This is the mystery that comes to light in the revelation of Christ’s twofold coming. We are grafted into Israel’s covenanted salvation in unexpected advance of the age transforming day of the Lord, which day will realize the restoration of the natural branches (“all Israel”) when “the deliverer shall come out of Zion …” (compare Isa 59:19-21; Ro 11:26). So there is an appropriate ‘double-reference’ of many of the millennial promises, which are quite legitimately applied to the church of this age.

When I said, ““The covenantal curses are maintained as applying literally to Israel , while the promises of grace and redemption are spiritualized and taken over by the ‘church’,” I did not mean that there is nothing of the salvation promised to Israel that has not already come to the church. On the contrary, it is precisely this salvation that makes the church the church. This is the mystery not revealed in times past, namely, that the salvation that was promised to Israel has appeared ‘out of due season’ as it were, in unexpected advance of the climactic ‘day of the Lord’, the well known salvation of the “last day.”

A host of OT passages show that Israel’s national regeneration comes “at once … in one day” (Isa 66:8; Zech 3:9; Ezek 39:22) as a climactic revelation of the sealed vision that is sealed (held ‘under wraps’) until the appointed time (compare Isa 8:14-18; Dan 9:24; 12:9; Zech 12:10). It is this sealed vision that has been revealed by the Spirit in the ‘mystery of the gospel’.

The gospel is revealed to the beleaguered remnant of Israel at the very end of Jacob’s trouble (Zech 12:10; Mt 23:39), also called “the great tribulation” (Dan 12:1; Mt 24:21). Jacob’s trouble is the last half (last 3 1/2 years) of Daniel’s seventy weeks of years (Dan 7:25; 9:24-27; 12:1, 7). This is the time that Israel will enter into the “everlasting righteousness” of the covenant that was ratified (purchased) nearly 2000 years earlier ago in Messiah’s atoning death (“Messiah, the Prince, shall be ‘cut off’, but not for Himself … ; Dan 9:26).

Thus the revelation that is appointed to break upon the heart and understanding of the ‘the escaped of Israel’ in the coming day of the Lord, is precisely the mystery of the gospel that has been revealed by the Spirit, first to the disciples after Christ’s resurrection (Lk 24:26), as first preached at Pentecost, and then subsequently revealed independently to Paul in its fuller and more comprehensive significance for the Gentiles (Gal 1:11; Eph 3:5).

From Pentecost and forward, the disciples would no longer wonder concerning the time of Israel’s restoration (Acts 1:6), as it was now known that the restoration of all things must await the return of Jesus (Acts 3:19). This revealed secret (Ro 16:25-26) of the twofold advent of an atoning and returning Messiah is the scandal, the stone of stumbling, that also underlies the “mystery of the kingdom.” It was hidden for judgement, as Isaiah said, “for a trap and snare.”

Thus, through the revelation of the secret hid from other ages, the kingdom of God is revealed to have a mysterious working within the still remaining structures of this present evil age. In this sense, the “powers of the age to come” have invaded the present evil age by the Spirit of revelation, and this in unexpected advance of the millennial transformation of Israel.

So, I do not object to applying Israel’s promises to the church. My complaint is only against the presumption that applies Israel’s promises ONLY to the church of this age. This can only be done by a questionable process of wholesale ‘re-interpretation’ and ‘spiritualization’ that completely denies to a future Israel the literal meaning of the promises in their original setting and intention. It is a usurping policy that misses entirely the whole point of Paul’s mystery (Ro 11:25). According to Paul, the covenant itself cannot realize its climax and goal apart from the restoration of the ‘natural branches.” While Israel is still in their sins, we may be sure that the covenant is yet unfulfilled in its totality (Ro 11:27 with Isa 59:21).

It is difficult for me to see how these interpreters can so certainly deny, at least the possibility of a future literal fulfillment of the promises to Israel, since in almost every OT context Israel is shown to be in a state of abiding apostasy of unbelief, and under covenant judgment right up until the post-tribulational day of the Lord, which the NT does NOT re-interpret, but continues to understand as still future. This, and this alone, is the “set time” to favor Zion (Ps 102:13; Mt 23:39), never before (see Dan 11:36b).

You would at least expect a modesty of uncertainty that the still future day of the Lord (second coming) might perchance yet see a literal fulfillment of the promises, since this alone would agree with the clear context of every OT promise concerning Israel’s national redemption at end of the last, unequaled tribulation.

Remember, the church, the body of Christ, in continuity with the righteous remnant of the OT, is NOT a NEW, but a ‘newly revealed’ entity (important distinction). Such a revealed entity does not end with the rapture, as held by some. Rather, at the end of Jacob’s trouble, the remnant of Israel that are left are transformed by the same revelation that arrested Paul on the Damascus road. It is this life giving revelation that makes the church the church (Mt 16:17-18), regardless of dispensation, whether now, or in a future millennium. The saved of Israel, together with all that will be gathered to Christ throughout the millennium, will be at that time the born again body of Christ on earth awaiting glorification at the second resurrection, but under a unique stewardship appropriately suited to that dispensation of divine purpose.

So then, who is ‘all Israel’? In Paul’s usage, ‘all Israel’ does not mean all that will ultimately be saved, i.e., the final coming in of all the elect. That is an attractive interpretation, but it does not satisfy the demands of the context. Manifestly, Paul has in mind the national regeneration of Israel at the end of the age.

Nor does “all Israel” mean every Jew, because two thirds will have been cut off out of the Land, and also many will fall in the wilderness of the nations during the desolations of Jacob’s trouble. Rather, the term ‘all Israel’ has in view a phenomenal uniformity of Jewish salvation that will obtain and endure throughout the millennium, extending into final perfection at the second resurrection.

After the salvation of the surviving remnant at the end of Jacob’s trouble, there will never again be an occasion for any Jewish person to evangelize his neighbor (Jer 31:34). Paul’s phrase “and so all Israel shall be saved,” reflects his reading of many OT passages that describe this millennial phenomenon that doesn’t begin UNTIL “the deliverer shall come out of Zion …. (Isa 59:19-21; Ro 11:26), i.e., the post-tribulational day of the Lord.

After a transforming revelation of Christ (“they shall look on Me …. and mourn for Him …”), the ‘escaped of Israel’ will be saved with an everlasting salvation (Isa 45:17; Dan 9:24). From that day and forward (Ezek 39:22), “all” will know Him, from the least to the greatest (Jer 31:34), never to fall away, lest the covenant should fail (see and compare Isa 4:3; 60:21; Jer 31:34; 32:40, and many similar passages). The veil over the Jewish heart is forever removed, and thus Satan is bound (Isa 25:7; Rev 10:7). The covenant has been fulfilled (Ro 11:27). Henceforth, no child born to Jewish parentage will ever fail of the covenant (Isa 54:10, 13; 59:21; Jer 31:34).

Such uniformity of salvation will not, however, characterize the nations. There will be evangelism and salvation throughout the nations, no doubt very great (see Isa 11:9; Hab 2:14; Ro 11:12), but not of such a uniform and unexceptional kind as will obtain among the Jews . (This is very significant, as it constitutes an intended divine statement. What is that statement? The nations will be required to honor that statement whether willingly or unwillingly). This is evident by many passages. The book of the Revelation makes particularly clear that after the thousand years is finished, Satan is loosed for a ‘little season’, and this ordained release makes for a final rebellion against the ‘camp of the saints’ (Jerusalem), as Satan’s age old envy against God’s election will once more provoke the hearts of the unregenerate, as final testimony to the intractable nature of the heart of man under even the most auspicious conditions.

Perhaps these distinctions will be helpful towards finding the balance you’re seeking. Let me know if this somewhat extensive overview was helpful in sorting things out.

Reggie